1890s People - 'S'
Individual biographies can be accessed either by browsing the alphabetical listings available under each highlighted letter or by using the search function.

Henry Salt
By Amy Ratelle Henry Shakespear Stephens Salt is best known today for Animals’ Rights Considered in Relation to Social Progress (1892), although he also published widely on other social and humanitarian causes. Peter Singer hails this volume as “the best of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century works on animal rights” (viii), noting further that there is little that subsequent animal rights advocates can add to this prescient and pivotal text. In his own day, Salt was also known for his literary criticism...
Olive Schreiner
By Jade Munslow Ong South African writer Olive Schreiner became internationally famous following the success of her first novel, The Story of an African Farm (1883). She went on to publish allegories, numerous social and political treatises, public letters, short stories, and an extended feminist polemic entitled Woman and Labour (1911).
William Sharp
By Dennis Denisoff Born in Paisley, Scotland, in 1855, William Sharp was the oldest of eight children. His father was a merchant with a great admiration for the West Highlands, where the family would summer. Sharp's own love of nature was enhanced with a mystical bent fostered by the Gaelic singing and storytelling of one of his childhood nurses.
M.P. Shiel
By Paul Fox Matthew Phipps Shiell, who published primarily under the name M. P. Shiel, was born on the West Indian island of Montserrat in 1865. He was of mixed-race descent at least on his mother’s side, a not uncommon occurrence on an island whose economy had been based on slave-worked and Irish-run sugar plantations.
William Strang
By Samuel Shaw William Strang must count among the more versatile, innovative, and intriguing artistic talents of the fin de siècle.
Alma Strettell
By Natalie M. Houston Alma Strettell was the daughter of Laura Vansittart Neale and Reverend Alfred Baker Strettell, who served as the British consular chaplain in Genoa (1851-74) and later as rector of St. Martin’s Church in Canterbury.
Joseph Swan
By Gerry Beegan Many of the important developments in new technologies of imaging and illumination in the latter part of the nineteenth century were associated with Joseph Swan. Swan was a largely self-educated scientist who developed and marketed photographic dry plates (1877) and bromide paper (1879). He also invented and manufactured an electric light bulb with considerable commercial success.
Algernon Charles Swinburne
By Catherine Maxwell Algernon Charles Swinburne was one of the most controversial literary figures of the Victorian period. His first collection of poetry, Poems and Ballads Series 1, caused outrage on its publication in 1866 due to the frank sexuality of its subject matter.
Arthur Symons
By Stephano Evangelista Arthur Symons was one of the key exponents of Symbolism in Britain. During the fin de siècle he built an impressive intellectual and social network that comprised the most prominent figures of the age, including Aubrey Beardsley, Mathilde Blind, Edmund Gosse, Havelock Ellis, Michael Field, Herbert Horne, George Moore, Walter Pater, Olive Schreiner, and John Addington Symonds.